Phelps, Jedediah

Male 1783 -


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  • Name Phelps, Jedediah 
    Born 2 Mar 1783  Willington, Tolland, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Christened 3 Oct 1784  Second Congregational Church, Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Person ID I1227  Martin-Bloom
    Last Modified 19 Feb 2018 

    Father Phelps, Paul (2nd),   b. 19 Oct 1748, Lebanon, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1820  (Age 71 years) 
    Mother Calkins, Zerviah,   b. 18 Oct 1748, Lebanon, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Prob Aft 1800, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 18 Feb 1768  Lebanon First Congregational Church Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Notes 
    • There are important errors in the description of Paul's family in Phelps Family of America by Oliver Phelps and Andrew Servin. Phelps and Servin incorrectly state that Zerviah died in 1776 and that Paul then married Theodosia Root of Westfield, Massachusetts. Phelps and Servin list Paul's last four children (John, Solomon, Jedediah and Paul 3rd) as Theodosia's children. However, they actually were Zerviah's children as shown by Dimock's transcription of the records of the Town of Mansfield and the Second Church of Mansfeld, and by an image of a page from Willington Town records for the births of Jedediah and Paul 3rd. (Regrettably, Phelps and Servin were aware of the birth records showing Zerviah as the mother, but chose to list the children as Theodosia's without providing any evidence.)
      There were two Theodosia Roots in Westfield at the time, neither of whom could have married Paul in 1776.
      Theodosia(1) was b. 28 Oct 1757 in Westfield, the daughter of Solomon Root and Mary Church Root. Her father bequeathed his "daughter Theodosia Root 30 pounds" in his will written 1 Aug 1786 and proved the same year (ancestry.com erroneously says the will was proved on 1 Aug 1786). The use of her maiden name indicates that she was not yet married. She appears to have married a Solomon Phelps soon after her father's death. In 1804, the widow Theodosia Phelps of Westfield married Ebenezer Williams. The deceased was not Paul, as he was still living in Swanton, Vermont.
      Theodosia(2) was b. 1 Jul 1759, to Martin Root and Eunice Lamb Root. She married Gad Root, a brother of Theodosia(1) on 19 Jun 1779. Theodore, their last child for whom there is a birthdate was b. in 1797. Theodosia (2) d. 23 Aug 1812 and Gad Root died 13 Nov 1824.
      Phelps and Servin state that after Zerviah’s death Paul moved to Westfield and then to Pennsylvania where he died. Paul’s known movements do not fit that scenario. Paul was still living in Windham, Connecticut in December of 1794 when he advertised that he was going to grind salt, and he (“Paul Phelps of Windham, Windham County Connecticut”) bought land in Woodford, Vermont in 1795 where he resided until about 1803 when he moved to Swanton, Vermont. He lived in Swanton until at least 1814. There is no record of him moving to Pennsylvania after this. (All of his sons and his daughter Zerviah lived in New York for many years after 1814, and a man of his age very likely would have stayed near or with one of his children. )
      Finally, Phelps and Servin state that Zerviah Calkins was probably the daughter of John and Sarah Huntington Calkins, but that is unlikely because this Zerviah would have been 50 when Paul 3rd was born, a very late (although not impossible) age to give birth. Zerviah Calkins' parents were probably Solomon Calkins and Zerviah Dewey; she would have been 37 years old when Paul was born. [2, 5, 6]
    Family ID F75  Group Sheet

  • Documents
    Birth Records for Jedediah Phelps and Paul Phelps 3rd from Town of Willington, Connecticut
    Birth Records for Jedediah Phelps and Paul Phelps 3rd from Town of Willington, Connecticut
    Records for Jedediah and Paul are marked with a red line. Original is from familysearch.org
    Phelps Family Members in the Swanton Vermont Tax Rolls, 1804-1813 (pdf)
    Phelps Family Members in the Swanton Vermont Tax Rolls, 1804-1813 (pdf)
    Includes links to original images of tax rolls on familysearch.org

  • Sources 
    1. [S179] Connecticut Births and Christenings, 1646 - 1906, (database on-line, familysearch.org), Willington Vital Records, Vol B, p 14 (Barbour Coll p 176).

    2. [S254] Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths in Mansfield, Connecticut, Susan W. Dimock, (The Baker and Taylor Company, 1898), 974.64 M28., pp. 140, 437.

    3. [S100] Connecticut Church Record Abstracts, Vol. 57, Lebanon First Congregational Church, p. 158.

    4. [S177] Calkins Family in America, Kenneth W. Calkins (Ed.), (Calkins Family Association, 2000), p. 27.

    5. [S253] Phelps Family of America, Oliver S. Phelps and Andrew T. Servin, (Engle Publishing Co., Pittsfield, MA, 1899), 929.2 P537., Vol. 2, p. 1350.

    6. [S276] Root Genealogical Records. 1600-1870., James Pierce Root, (R.C. Root, Anthony & Co, New York (1870)), pp. 329, 334, 361.


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